Pumpkin is a hard-shelled berry with great popularity throughout the world. It is a fruit that can be used a lot. Therefore, today we will learn how to plant pumpkins at home and how to care for them.
How to plant pumpkins at home step by step?
The first step is based on getting the pumpkin seeds. This can be found quickly and easily in a garden store. However, another option would be to take the seeds of a pumpkin that is already ripe, large enough, healthy, and has very solid skin.
After obtaining the seeds, the following procedure consists of washing them with plenty of water and letting them rest in the sun. They will be left exposed to the sun for 3 days, meanwhile, at night we will move it to a cool place without any humidity. It should be noted that after finishing the 3 days we can proceed to plant the seeds or save them for up to two years.
Before planting the seeds we must comply with the following points:
The first point is to maintain the soil temperature at around 23 ° C or a little higher. This is because pumpkins are characterized by being extremely sensitive to low temperatures.
The second point is to clean the soil where we will plant our pumpkin. That is, we must eliminate all the weeds that are in the surroundings. At the same time, we will clean and leave no remains of the crops that have been carried out previously. With this procedure, we can guarantee the healthy growth of our pumpkin.
Finally, we must prepare the soil with compost. We can also use any type of natural fertilizer, we mix it with the soil until we reach a depth of 5 centimeters. In the same way, we can use any type of homemade compost.
After complying with all the previous guidelines, we can take our seeds and plant them in the ground. The seeds should be at a depth of 3 centimeters. They must be inserted through holes and we can plant from 3 to 4 seeds depending on the size of the land. If we are going to plant 2 or more seeds, they must be separated by at least 1 meter apart.
Growing Pumpkins In Pots
On the other hand, we will talk about growing pumpkins in pots. For this procedure, we will have to use a container of at least 40 x 40 centimeters and that has a capacity of 60 liters. We will have to fill it with porous soil accompanied by natural compost. A type of clay soil with sand and a lot of compost is recommended.
When placing the seeds in pots, we can place a maximum of two seeds per container. These will have to be separated by a small hole in the ground. Finally, we are going to add 2 inches of soil and press it down from the surface.
How long does it take to grow the pumpkin?
After placing the seeds in the ground, they begin to germinate in less than a week. However, there are cases in which the germination process lasts from 5 to 8 or up to a maximum of 15 days. When the process of germinating the seeds is ending, we will be able to observe how the flowers appear in our crop.
Identifying male and female pumpkin flowers
We must take care that the first flowers that grow on our pumpkin plant will be male. After about 10 days, the female flowers will appear and these are the ones that will give us the pumpkin fruit.
As an important fact, to identify if a flower is female or male you must look behind the buds. If the flower has a small pumpkin fruit, then this is the female flower.
Pumpkin harvest time
In terms of harvest date and fruit collection, pumpkins can be picked after 6 months. We need to stay up to date with the care of our plant to promote the healthy growth of pumpkins during all these months.
It is worth noting that if you want to remove the pumpkin, you have to put your nail on the skin. If the nail penetrates easily, it means that the pumpkin is ripe and we can take it. Similarly, when you look at the orange head on the fruit, it is also a sign that the fruit is ripe.
In terms of, how to remove the fruit, we must cut on the stem and leave a considerable space between the fruit and the cut. We can cut with a sharp knife or simply with a pruner. The larger the stem, the longer it will keep the fruit.
When to plant pumpkins?
As mentioned in several previous cases, to plant pumpkins it must be remembered that they are sensitive to the cold. Therefore, to plant the seeds we must choose the spring months. That is, to plant the pumpkins it must be done between the months of March and June.
Spring is the best time of year to start our pumpkin patch. This is because the classic high temperature in these months allows the seeds to receive more heat so that they germinate faster.
Given the case that the person lives in regions of the planet with low temperatures, then the sowing will have to be up to the month of May. In the same way, the help of a seedbed will be required to plant the pumpkins.
Pumpkin growing care
Now we will learn to carry out the correct care processes on our pumpkins.
At first, if you notice that the temperatures are lower than normal, you should put on a plastic protector. If you managed to plant the pumpkin on a pot, then during the colder days you should move it inside the home.
Continuing in this way, the pumpkin plantations are forced to be in a place with a lot of sunlight. Pumpkins are very demanding with high temperatures, therefore, they will need more than 5 hours a day of exposure to the sun.
With regard to irrigation, it should be done every time the land is dry. These types of fruits are characterized by having high water, therefore, they have many demands with irrigation. Irrigation is very important and we must apply the dripping technique. When the first fruits appear then more frequent waterings should be applied.
It should be noted that we can use plastic blankets or layers to protect the crops during the first months. However, when the flowering season begins, we must remove it so as not to affect the pollination of insects.
Another issue that we must take care of is humidity. These fruits are very prone to suffer from cases of humidity and mold appearances. Therefore, we must take care of the type of irrigation directly to the ground and prevent it from falling on the fruit. In turn, if we plant the pumpkin on a pot we must avoid placing it in places with high humidity.
Finally, when the fruit is beginning to fall from the plant, we can place a plate under it to avoid contact with the ground and it is damaged by its humidity.
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