This time we want to talk to you about how to plant plums tree at home to get these delicious fruits. Plum ( Prunus domestica ) is a great fruit tree for both beginning gardeners and experts alike. They are hardy from the cold, require a little care once established, produce large yields of delicious stone fruit. Let’s see how to plant plums tree organically.
The best climate to grow plums
Plum trees are very hardy and many varieties can withstand cold winters.
Where do plum trees grow
If you live in an area with cold winters, consider growing a hybrid American plum variety (such as the Alderwood plum), some of which can do well in very cold temperatures.
If you are in an area with moderately cold winters, consider a hybrid American or European plum variety. European plums (Prunus domestica, such as greengage, Stanley, or damson), although not as hardy as American hybrids, can withstand the cold in most climates.
If you live in an area with mild winters, consider planting a Japanese plump variety (Prunus salicina, such as Methley or satsuma plums), which do best in warmer climates, similar to peach trees.
Planting plum trees from seed
A plum pit or seed needs bright light and warm temperatures to germinate. Start the seeds in spring, once the danger of frost has passed.
Using a 6 ” tall nursery container filled with seed compost or a mixture of half potting soil and half coarse sand works well for germinating plum seeds, just make sure the container has holes in it.
Sow a plum seed in the container to a depth of 5 cm. Place the container outside in a bright, sheltered location or indoors near a window where it will get bright light.
A daytime temperature of about 30 degrees Celsius and nighttime temperatures of about 20 degrees are recommended to germinate the plum seeds. Keep the soil moist but not soggy. A fresh, stratified plum pit may take several months to germinate, but sprouts usually begin to be seen within a month.
Once the plum tree has reached a height of at least 10 cm it can be transplanted to a larger pot or to its final place in the garden.
How to plant plums tree
Learn how to plant plums tree at home with a walkthrough from planting and growing to harvest, with tips and care.
It is best to plant bare-root plums in late winter or early spring while they are dormant; this minimizes the impact of transplanting and encourages the tree to start growing in spring soon after planting.
If plums are grown in a container, plant them in spring or early summer, before the heat hits. When it’s time to plant your plum tree:
1. Choose and prepare the place
Plum trees need full sun to produce sweet fruit, so choose a planting location that receives at least six hours a day. As for the soil, they prefer clay soil, with good drainage and rich in organic matter.
Depending on the variety of plum you choose, your tree may self-pollinate or need a second tree for cross-pollination; If your tree is not self-pollinated, be sure to choose a spot with enough space for at least two mature trees. Standard-size trees need at least six meters of space, while dwarf varieties need at least three meters.
2. Prepare the young tree
If you have a plum sapling planted in a container or rootball (which means its roots are wrapped in burlap for safe transport), you don’t have to do anything to prepare the tree.
However, if you are planting a bare root plant (which is recommended for plums, as they establish quickly after planting), soak the roots in a bucket of water for up to six hours for them to drink well.
3. Dig the hole
The planting hole should be 10-15 cm wider and deeper than the plum root ball; you don’t want any of the roots to bend back on themselves when you set up the tree.
4. Place the roots in the hole
The ground line of the log should coincide with the line of the hole’s surface. If your young tree is a graft, make sure the graft junction is above the surface.
If your sapling is a ball and burlap tree, place it in the hole with the burlap still wrapped to keep the rootstock secure while you set the tree, then break the burlap down the sides of the hole and lift the tree to remove all the wrapping.
5. Spread the roots
To encourage root growth from the tree, spread and lay them gently without bending them too much.
6. Fill in the hole
Fill the hole with soil and compost. As you fill it, gently shake the trunk back and forth to help the soil penetrate the root system. Once the hole is filled, firm up the soil with the toe of your shoe so that the tree has a stable base without air pockets.
Add a top layer of mulch around the tree to retain moisture and deter weeds (but without touching the trunk, as it could cause the wood to rot).
7. Water the young tree
After planting fruit trees of any kind, water thoroughly to help them settle into their new home.
How to take care of your plum
As it is a low maintenance fruit tree, you don’t need to do anything to ensure a great harvest of good fruit:
During the first year or two, water your plum weekly in abundance and low during the growing season. A drip system will push the water deep into the soil and help new trees establish strong, deep roots.
Water your trees liberally each week during the first growing season to promote vigorous growth. Then reduce the amount of water and water regularly. Water each plant deeply at the soil line, let the soil dry out a bit, and water again.
Remember to water your trees well into fall so that the soil has enough moisture during the winter months.
To keep the tree free from pests and diseases, such as aphids and silver leaf disease, prune the plum trees with shears once during the growing season: for young trees, opt for early spring, and for young trees. mature trees, opt for the middle of summer.
Never prune in fall or winter, as it will leave your tree vulnerable to frost and infection.
If allowed to produce as much fruit as possible, plum trees can bear too much fruit for their branches, and the branches can break under the weight. To avoid this, rinse the fruit regularly: the fruits should be 5-10 cm apart for Japanese varieties and 5 cm for European and American plum varieties.
Plum tree fertilizer
Plum trees grow best if they are fertilized once a year, in early spring, before the fruit has started to grow, with an all-purpose fertilizer or with aged compost.
Avoid fertilizing the plum after it has started to bear fruit, as any new “movement” will divert energy from fruit production.
If your plum tree is not self-fertile and needs a nearby tree to pollinate it and produce fruit, it is especially important that your garden is welcoming to pollinators, such as bees. Never spray insecticides when your plums are flowering.
When do plum trees produce fruit?
The plum is a delightful fruit tree that bears abundant fruit in late summer. A plum born from seed usually takes between 4 and 5 years to produce the first flowers and fruits.
How to harvest plums
The harvest of plums will depend on the variety of the tree:
When to harvest plums
Plums are a fertile fruit that can produce two to three bushels per year, so knowing when to harvest plums is important. The surest way to ensure that it is the right time to pick the plum is by its firmness and flavor.
The color of ripe plums can also be an indicator of the plum harvest at its peak. As the plums approach maturity, the fruit develops its characteristic color. However, there are many cultivars of plum, so you need to know the variety in your garden and what it should look like before harvest.
Pick hybrid American and European plums when the fruit’s skin feels soft when squeezed slightly and the plum easily dislodges from the branch when twisted. They are ready to eat immediately.
Harvest the Japanese plums a little earlier, when the fruit is well colored but only slightly soft to the touch. Let the Japanese plums ripen indoors for several days before eating them.
Plums don’t keep for long: keep them in the fridge for up to a week.
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