Also known as mirliton, is an excellent vegetable that should not be missing in your home garden. In particular, its cultivation techniques are completely straightforward. So you will have a good harvest even if you are a beginner. Here are the best tips to learn how to plant chayote at home step by step.
How to plant chayote at home: steps
The first thing to keep in mind is that the easiest way to plant chayote is through the shoots. Which are obtained from the fruit once it is ripe. In this sense, this step by step, we will explain all the steps of sowing, starting with making the chayote sprout.
First step: How to sprout chayote
This first step consists of making the chayote sprout, which is very simple. To do this, you must leave half the fruit in a glass of water. Specifically, for at least 15 days.
And in this way, without much effort, the shoots will begin to grow outside the glass.
Second step: How to plant the chayote
Once the shoots have grown, it is time to plant the chayote. The first thing you should do is prepare the compost in the pot or soil of your garden. Remember that it must be loaded with nutrients for excellent results in your harvest.
Later, you must bury the germinated chayote. In this step, you must make sure that all the shoots are covered with soil.
Finally, the other half of the chayote should be uncovered. Well, in this case, the fruit must be prevented from decomposing, just before the plant begins to grow.
Third step: How to care for chayote plant
You could say that the care and maintenance of the chayote are simple. However, there are certain aspects that you should keep in mind:
- It needs constant watering. However, any possibility of water stagnation should be completely avoided.
- It is important to prune frequently. This allows weeds that are the common cause of pests or diseases to be eliminated.
- The ideal temperature for planting chayote is from 18 ° to 27 °. Exposure to cold seasons should be avoided.
- The chayote plant is climbing in nature, so the necessary conditions for its growth must be ensured.
- You need a well-nourished compost, preferably one that is the result of home composting.
- With respect to the most suitable pH, it is from 5 to 6.5.
Step four: Harvest chayote
After about three to four months from the moment of sowing, you will be able to harvest your chayote. The first thing you will notice are flowers that appear around the plant, later, the new fruits will appear.
Once you start to see the fruits, it is advisable to wait about a month. In this time, the chayote will be completely ready.
In summary, if you have doubts about how long the chayote takes to bear fruit, the answer is approximately 4 to 5 months.
You can take as a reference that the fruit should have a weight between 300 to 350 grams. In turn, a size between 10 to 12 centimeters.
A useful tip is to be attentive to the possible discolorations of the chayote since this is usually a sign of its ripening.
The good news is that chayote production usually lasts all year round, so you can enjoy its freshness for a long time. Remember to keep your proper conditions explained in the previous step.
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