Homegrown carrots are easy to grow and used in multiple ways in our daily cooking; carrots are full of flavor, texture, and one of the most versatile vegetables and are an excellent source of Vitamin A, Fiber, Potassium, Vitamin K1, and antioxidants. They are a famous, long-lasting roots vegetable that can be easily grown in various climates.
We’re sure you must have come across the benefits of this yummy vegetable from your parents, especially while growing up. They weren’t making it up; it’s all true!
Carrots are the wholesome and healthy power vegetables that help improve your immunity and eyesight, lower cholesterol levels, and even help reduce cancer risk.
What is better than having unlimited access to these delightful and extremely nutritious vegetables in your backyard garden with numerous health benefits? In this article, we’ll explain How To Plant Carrots At Home.
Carrots are planted in sandy and loose soil during the growing season. It depends on the local growing conditions and the variety of carrots.
Carrots take approximately 2 to 4 months to mature. Anywhere carrots can plant in the spring and summer for a consecutive harvest during fall!
THE IMPORTANCE OF GOOD SOIL
Carrots are a root crop and will not develop well in stony soils or heavy clay. They need soil that’s friable, neutral to alkaline, well-drained, and not too rich in nitrogen for the best appearance and a sweet flavor. Urban gardeners, who often have little space or plenty of suns, grow Bags are a good option for them.
Proper preparation of the soil is essential for growing carrots! If the roots of carrots cannot grow unobstructed, it may lead to misshapen and stunted crops.
What To Do To Prepare Good Garden Soil For Carrots:
Make sure till down 12 inches there are no stones, rocks, or even soil clumps that could block carrots’ growth.
Evade amending the garden soil with nitrogen-rich stuff like fertilizer or manure, which may cause carrots to fork and grow little size roots. Instead, old coffee grounds work well for this type of soil.
If the ground’s soil is too rocky or heavy clay, admit to planting carrots in a 12 inches deep raised bed filled with loamy and airy soil.
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Planting Carrots At Home
When To Plant Carrots
Carrots are a cool-season crop, which means the seeds are sown when the soil temperatures reach about (50°F ) 10°C in the early spring. For measuring the soil temperature, buying a soil thermometer is the most excellent way of reading your soil temperature for every year. It is an honestly inexpensive purchase that you will repeatedly use during your gardening years.
Sow your seeds outdoors 4 to 5 weeks before the last spring frost.
For a consecutive harvest:
Plant a new round of seeds every three weeks through late spring.
Sow your seeds in mid-to-late summer—starting roughly ten weeks before your initial fall frost date.
Choosing a Planting Site
Carrots require a place that receives full sunshine; they also can tolerate partial shade area.
As discussed above, When you grow carrots, the soil should be sandy, loose, airy, and well-drained loam so that carrot roots can comfortably push down through the soil. Heavy soils cause the roots of the carrots to grow slowly. Remember that rocky soil leads to poor quality roots.
HOW TO PLANT CARROTS AT HOME
We advise sowing your seeds direct in the garden rather than transplanting them. Carrots are not like to have their roots disturbed.
- First, choose the Heirloom Seeds or Open Pollinated Seeds (OPS).
Heirloom seeds are those selected by farming families for their best qualities. Open Pollinated Seeds have fertilized naturally, with the help of rain, bees, birds, moths, wind. Make sure you get excellent quality Open Pollinated Seeds and Heirloom seeds for your garden. If you haven’t purchased it yet, you can buy carrot seeds here before proceeding further.
- Sow the seeds ¼ inch deep and 2 to 3 inches apart in rows 1 foot apart. Manage with a seed-sower for accurate spacing.
- If you are planting the carrots crop in many rows, make sure every plant is at least 12 to 15 cm distant from each other, so they have sufficient room to grow.
Retain the garden soil moist with regular shallow waterings. If you place your finger in your ground soil, it should remain moist, not wet.
Carrots are sometimes delayed to germinate. So don’t panic if your carrots don’t seem right away! Carrots may need 15 to 20 days to give a sign of life.
CARE FOR CARROTS PLANTS
HOW TO GROW CARROTS
Smoothly mulch carrots to retain moisture and prevent the sun from directly hitting the roots.
Normally, carrots need minimum concentration at the growing stage. However, there are some elements you should keep an eye on while growing carrots at home. For example, control the soil’s optimum pH level at 6, feed, mulch, organic nutrients, etc.
Like many vegetables, growing carrots need at least one inch of water per week (about a half-gallon of water per square foot). When you water your carrots, make sure the soil soak it completely. The carrot’s roots will not grow as deeply; if you only wet the soil’s surface.
Carrots should be fertilized when the plants have reached around 2 to 3 inches tall. Or use fertilizer after 5 to 6 weeks of sowing.
Fertilize it with a low-nitrogen, but more phosphate and high-potassium – 0-10-10 or 5-15-15 will work well. Excess nitrogen in the soil promotes only the top growth, not roots. Awareness of the 3 code numbers on the fertilizer bag. All fertilizer labels have three bold numbers. The first number shows the volume of nitrogen (N), the second number shows the phosphate (P2O5), and the third number shows the potash (K2O).
COMMON CARROT PESTS AND DISEASES :
Carrot Pests :
Carrot Rust Fly (Psila rosae)
Wire Worms (Elateridae, Click Beetle Family)
Black (Itersonilia) canker
Carrot Diseases :
Many leaf blights can decrease the yield and quality of a carrot crop.
Aster Yellow Disease will produce discolored and shortened carrot tops and hairy roots. Pests spread this disease as they feed on the plant to plant. Keep the weeds down and invest in a control plan for pests such as leafhopper.
How to Harvest Carrots
Carrots corp take around 80 to 120 days to grow fully—usually, the smaller carrot has a better taste.
Harvest the corp when the desired size is reached, and carrots’ roots reach at least 1.3cm in diameter.
To harvest your vegetable, dig out the soil near the roots, grip the carrot, and pull out.
When you have finished harvesting, collect the carrots in any container or basket and wash them completely before storing or consuming them.
Carrots come in different shapes, sizes, and colors.
6 to 8 inches long, dark orange color, and suited for heavy soil. You can buy it here.
7 to 8 inches long, You can buy it here.
sweet, crisp texture, 6 to 7 inches long. You can buy it here.
good for containers, 4 inches long, and 1 inch thick. You can buy it here.
mini round carrots that are roughly the size of a golf ball, good for containers. You can buy it here.