Pomegranate is a fruit shrub that needs regular care and does not demand special attention. It is usually not affected by pests or diseases. It’s not only a fruit giving plant but also an ornamental plant. Even if the pomegranate tree is not fruiting, it gives an embellished look to your garden with its vibrant color scheme.
Although the tree has a long life and can live up to 200+ years, you can initially grow a healthy pomegranate plant in a pot. Gardeners need a proper place for planting fruit-giving fruits; however, they know how to grow pomegranate in pots. Here we have placed together a complete guide about the pomegranate plant and its care.
What is pomegranate?
The fascinating container plant, decorated with five to eight centimeters long spear-shaped leaves shiny and bronze in the bud’s shade, later becomes green.
Pomegranate flowers are sensitive, bell-shaped, and display the lush red. Its flowers are up to 3 centimeters broad. Embellishing varieties can have flowers in pink, half-and-half, and also white.
In addition to the exquisite flowers and foliage, it is mainly the fruits that make the pomegranate tree so charming. Inside, the fruit are countless tiny pouches that are transparent in appearance. They are delicious and have beautiful pink or red pulp and one hard seed in each, entirely edible. Overall, the flavor of pomegranate fruit is juicy and sweet and a little sour. No doubt, this is the most selected tasty fruit with ample nutrients.
Pomegranate growing conditions:
Pomegranate is a friendly plant with strong capabilities to survive in a harsh environment. According to the hardiness zone, it is ranked in 9b -11. In containers, it can grow below zone 9. It’s an easy-going plant that needs optimal care to flourish.
Although pomegranate does not require any special care, naturally plant needs optimal conditions for better growth and health. Before planting a pomegranate tree, one should be abiding by the following factors.
However, the range is quite diverse and can survive and grow well in most of the conditions. Most of the varieties of pomegranate seeds can survive the early sowing stage without any chill hours. Mostly the pomegranate trees are cold-resistant in the winter season. However, the frost risk still exists in pre-fall and early spring when bud break as the bark is susceptible to breakage and thus cause frost. Therefore painting the bark helps in reducing the risk in these conditions.
Pomegranate tresses are good at surviving in hot temperatures. Despite this, they flourish well when the temperature is 85 degrees for almost 4-5 months. Pomegranate tresses are also not a thirsty plant and can survive drought with grace. However, proper irrigation is an important factor for the plant to yield maximum and quality fruit.
Pomegranates produce best on deep loamy earth but will yet grow pretty well in sandy and clay soil. Trees are tolerant of slightly acid to slightly alkaline soils and flourish best in a soil pH scale of 5.5 to 7.2. Though pomegranates can tolerate short terms of standing water, they prefer well-drained clays. Elongated periods of unnecessary moisture will hurt the trees. Pomegranates are also somewhat tolerant to salts and can resist watering with water holding 2,000 to 2,500 ppm salt.
Apart from soil nature and drainage, site choice should also consider sun exposure and air passage. Pomegranates demand the shortest of six hours of nonstop sunlight a day to guarantee high-grade fruit color and potency. Aligning the orchard lines north-south will enhance sun exposure. Nevertheless, soil seepage is more critical than row adjustment.
Though pomegranates are sensitive to sunscald, only a minute percentage of fruit damage in a season. Sunscald looks Like a change in the fruit’s blush and will emerge on the fruit’s sun-exposed side. Sunburn is a sunscald sequence and seems as either severely shaded skin or as dry, necrotic, and injured skin in severe incidents. You can use Kaolin to reduce sunscald, which, if left untreated, may start to sunburn.
Air circulation is essential, particularly in the spring through bloom. Flowers may not establish or will fail if situations are incredibly humid. Thus, spacious areas free from the shadow with a smooth slope to develop natural air drainage are perfect for pomegranate tree plantation.
Pomegranate hardiness zone:
As mentioned before, the pomegranate plant is sun-loving and grows well in warmer climates. Therefore the spectra of its hardiness zone lie in 7-10.
Planting the pomegranate tree:
The pomegranate tree is an evergreen plant; whether in a fruiting season or pollination period, the tree gives your garden a wonderful look. Also, the pomegranate fruit has versatile benefits for health. Then why not plant your tree and get the fruit with the least investments.
Pomegranates plant is a small tree of almost 2.5 to 3 meters tall. It has orange flowers in the summer season and fruits, usually in late summers to early autumn.
Pomegranate tree cannot tolerate temperature below 15 degree Celsius, and therefore it’s most common in moderate climatic areas.
You can grow a variety of dwarf pomegranate known as “nana” in the container. Besides, there are three main ways of planting a pomegranate.
Growing a pomegranate from seed is a long term process and requires specialized care and protection. Usually, the seed grows in 3-4 years and produce its first fruit. However, the quality and variety are not guaranteed in this situation. Although the tree can serve ornamental edible fruit requirements, the yield must buy seed with a reliable source. You can make an online purchase here.
However, growing a tree from seed needs lots of patience and time to yield the fruit. So, don’t opt for this method if you are in a hurry to get the fruit.
- Cutting from an already yielding plant is the most reliable way to make a new plant.
- Get a 10 inches long branch from a fruit yielding pomegranate tree.
- Spray the cut end of the freshly incised branch with rooting hormone.
- The best time to extract the cutting is February to March when the mother plant is dormant and not yielding any fruit.
- Place the branch in an area that receives plenty of sunshine. The sun lights play a vital role in producing quality fruit.
- Soil should have good drainage as pomegranate cannot tolerate waterlogged soil. Despite, Slightly acidic soil is perfect for pomegranate trees, yet it can tolerate moderate alkaline soil if water drainage is uniform and constant.
- You can plant it in a big container or directly in the garden but make sure to have 6-7 inches deep whole and set the branch vertically.
In early spring, the last frost is the right time to settle the seedling in the desired location. For this purpose, carefully remove the seedling from the container and wash the root bottom to clear the potting medium. It will help the plant in adjusting to new ground with ease.
A wide and deep hole of around 2 feet is enough for setting the seedling on the new site.
Whatever method you are using to grow a new tree, you must water it to settle the new roots in a new area. Once you have new leaves in early summer, it’s a sign that your pomegranate is settled in a new environment and soon turns into a wonderful pomegranate tree.
4. How to prune pomegranate:
- Pruning and shaping are essential for growing plants and trees. Although pomegranate can be left as a bush without fruit for a healthy yield, one must prune the bush at the right time.
- However, you must know the appropriate method to prune the pomegranate since the main objective of pruning is to remove the load of the newly growing plant. Therefore pruning of an indoor pomegranate is quite complicated. Here if you know how to grow pomegranate in pots or containers, you must follow the pruning techniques.
Use sterilized and sharp cutters for pruning the branches with no fruit.
- Do not trim deeply on the ground branches; rather, trim top branches to get better vegetation.
- Do not perform detailed pruning for indoor and potted pomegranate trees; however, pruning is a way to beautify the tree for a mature and heavy plant.
- Make sure to prune after frost and during the winter season, yet a light pruning to enhance the growth can be done in summers also.
5. Pomegranate plant care:
A wonderful pomegranate seems all year beautiful, yet it needs proper care and pampering to yield the juicy and sweet fruit. Since pomegranate is a sun and water-loving plant and needs appropriate exposure to both to benefit the gardener. Either you grow pomegranate in a pot or garden, it needs appropriate care.
Make sure to place pomegranate under sunlight as it needs lots of sunlight to grow well. However, you must know how to grow pomegranate in a pot and provide essential sunlight exposure.
Although pomegranate is not a hydrant plant, it needs enough water supply to produce healthy fruits. Especially in the summer season, it needs a deepwater supply at least once a week.
A good and well fertilize provides essential ingredients and nutrients to let pomegranate grow in a pot or garden. You must add fertilizers in the pot, at least for the first two years of pomegranate bush. Since pomegranate bush in a pot needs more care and appropriate fertilization, you can purchase one from here.
It’s advised to prune the pomegranate plant after one year. Remove the crossing branches and leave 3-5 branches per the main branch. Also, remove dead and broken limbs as it might catch infections and damage the fruit.
Pomegranate tree thorns:
Unfortunately, pomegranate has lots of thrones, and therefore keeping the pomegranate pot indoors is quite risky. You might get injured if not handled with care. However, the thrones in the pomegranate tree protect the fruit from animals and external factors. It’s also helpful in pollination and transverse the pollens from the male flower to the female.
6. Varieties of Pomegranate tree:
Pomegranate is a versatile and miracle tree. Whether it is a bush or fruit yielding tree, it satisfies the ornamental indoor and garden requirements.
However, the main objective to grow the pomegranate determines the selection of gardeners from a wide variety. Some realities mature quickly and yield the fruit; however, some are fruitless and complement the ornamental requirements.
Here are a few of the common and easily available pomegranate tree types and quick notes about each variety.
If you love the fruit for its juicy nature, this type is suitable.
Soft seeds, larger with a nice sweet flavor and among the most desired fruit type.
Soft seeds, yet the sweetness has a perfect tart and light citric touch.
It has comparatively harder seeds of small size and taste tart to sour.
NANA the dwarf:
It’s an ornamental pomegranate bush without yielding fruits.
You may like: How To Grow Zucchini In a Small Container