The objective of transplanting plants is to provide more living space for their growth. Well, in this way the roots can have access to the nutritive elements of the substrate. Not to mention that growth competition with weeds is diminished. Without a doubt, this is a necessary technique to obtain greater results in your cultivation. Take note of how and when to transplant plants!
What is plant transplantation?
In short, it is nothing more than changing the plant from one pot to another, or if it is outside, from one location to another. It is considered a gardening technique that allows adapting the conditions of the plant to its growth. Since the roots will have more space to continue obtaining nutrients. At the same time, it allows providing greater benefits through a new substrate.
For this reason, transplantation is considered one of the basic care measures for a variety of plants. Since it allows to improve the conditions of the crop. However, for this, certain requirements must be met, such as doing it during the best time to transplant and with the appropriate step.
When can plants be transplanted? or When to transplant plants
The first thing to keep in mind is that the best time to transplant plants is just before flowering. Usually, this corresponds to late winter or early spring. Although, it is also important to consider the sowing schedule of the species.
Once you have determined the day, it is best to do this process when the sunlight is not so intense. Well, otherwise, it would be a major effort on the part of the plant. For example, it can be on a rainy day or before dark.
On the other hand, if you are still not sure of the best time to transplant plants, you should know the needs of your crop. Since if you have noticed a lot of growth recently, but the pot is small, then it is definitely time to transplant it. A clear sign of this is seeing the roots come out of the drain hole.
Finally, it is best to transplant once a year. However, this depends on how fast your plant is growing. Some slow-growing varieties require a transplant every two to three years.
What does it take to transplant a plant?
Before starting with the step by step to transplant plants you should have all the indicated gardening tools. Here is a list of what you will need:
- Pruning shears and sterilized shovel.
- Gardening gloves, especially if you are transplanting species with thorny stems.
- A destination pot, which must correspond to the needs of your plant.
- Substrate for the new pot, make sure it is the most nutritious for your variety.
- Water to irrigate at the end of the process.
How to transplant plants step by step
Once you gather all the necessary tools, it is time to begin the steps to transplant plants :
First step: general cleaning
Before making any movement of your plant you must perform general sanitation and cleaning. This consists of checking the stems and leaves in order to eliminate any traces of weeds. It is important that you can remove any part of your plant that is diseased. Well, this is one of the main reasons for problems in its growth.
Second step: prepare the destination pot
This is one of the most important steps in transplanting plants. The destination pot or container should be more convenient for your crop than the previous one, that is, bigger so that its roots can grow without a problem.
In turn, you must make sure that the pot has optimal drainage because this is essential to avoid future diseases in your plant.
Subsequently, you must add a thick layer of soil. Preferably several centimeters. As we have mentioned previously, you should make sure it contains the highest nutrient load, for example, homemade compost.
Third step: extract the plant
In most cases, this is usually a complicated step, especially when the roots have grown compact in a small space. So it may be helpful to rotate the pot while tapping to separate the soil and roots. The important thing is to avoid sudden movements that can harm the plant.
If you come across tangled roots, you should carefully separate them. Well, if you transplant them this way, they probably won’t be able to absorb the nutrients in the new pot.
A technique that can help in this step is to dampen the substrate a little. In this way, it will be manageable to separate it from the roots. You can even make it easier for the plant to come out of the pot.
Step four: place the plant in the new pot
Once you have untangled its roots, it is time to move the plant to its new pot. To do this, you need to make sure you completely bury them in the soil. Subsequently, it only remains to moisten with a little water.
What to do after transplanting a plant?
It is important to bear in mind that transplantation can be an adaptation process for your plant. Therefore, even if it is a variety of sun, it is recommended to leave it in the shade for at least a week. Because during this time you will be more vulnerable to environmental factors.
If when transplanting your plant, you have also changed its location, then you should watch how it adapts to these conditions. Well, this process guarantees more space for it to acquire vitality. However, if this does not happen, you should consider any aspect that may be affecting you. For example, irrigation, type of soil, or access to sunlight.
Recommendations for transplanting
You should completely avoid exposing the roots to sunlight. The best thing to do when transplanting plants is to do it in a shady place.
Some varieties are not capable of supporting a transplant, so it is essential to know the specific needs of each plant.
Much of the transplant success depends on a correct selection of the substrate according to the needs of the species.
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